By refusing to escape, you will be taking the easier but not the better and manlier part, and, therefore, people will be ashamed not only of you but also of your friends, who they will maintain were lacking in the necessary courage to save you from an untimely death.
When a person is seriously ill, is it proper to ask the opinion of the many or the one who is a qualified physician? Socrates informs him that it will require one more day for the ship to reach Athens, and they will have plenty of time to discuss whatever it is that Crito has in mind.
Crito has come for the purpose of pleading with Socrates to escape from prison.
Socrates does not deny that he has been treated unjustly by the court, and neither does he think that the judges who condemned him were competent to determine the correctness of his religious views or to decide whether he had really been a corrupter of the youth. Crito says they must, and so the dialogue comes to a conclusion.
This might seem at first to be a strange thing for Socrates to do in view of all that he has said concerning the shallowness of the opinions of the many.
If these offers of assistance are not sufficient to persuade Socrates to attempt an escape from prison, Crito presents some additional reasons in support of what he has been urging him to do. Socrates seems to set up an Open Argument: Socrates tells him that it is not the opinion of the majority that is most important but rather the opinion of the ones who have an adequate understanding of the issue that is involved.
Those who were known to have aided him in making his escape would be driven into exile or lose their property and be deprived of citizenship.
Crito is forced to admit that Socrates has presented a strong argument with reference to the inadvisability of following public opinion, An analysis of critos argument with socrates even the voice of the majority, when it comes to matters of crucial importance.
If Socrates were to break from prison now, having so consistently validated the social contract, he would be making himself an outlaw who would not be welcome in any other civilized state for the rest of his life. Crito told Socrates that plans were in place to prepare for his escape and journey to another country.
Rather than simply break the Laws and escape, Socrates should try to persuade the Laws to let him go. If Socrates stays in prison, he will be siding with his unjust accusers, and if he escapes he will be acting against the just Laws.
Thus it happened that Socrates was confined to his cell for some 30 days. The citizen is bound to the Laws like a child is bound to a parent, and so to go against the Laws would be like striking a parent. They will say that his friend Crito might have saved him if he had been willing to furnish the money to purchase his freedom.
Their understanding was not sufficient to enable them to determine if Socrates was really a corrupter of the youth. He has been portrayed as a religious man who has spent the greater portion of his life in obedience to what he regarded as a divine command.
Crito then tells him to have no such fear, for there are persons who at no great cost are willing to save him and bring him out of prison. Socrates tries to use REASON rather than the values embedded in his culture to determine whether an action is right or wrong. Chapter I in Cavalier, et.
Crito continues with moral appeals. At this point, Socrates introduces the voice of the Laws of Athens, which speaks to him and proceeds to explain why it would be unjust for him to leave his cell.
Two days before the ship was to was to return, an old friend named Crito came to visit. Crito, I owe a cock to Asclepius; will you remember to pay the debt? This is not the kind of action that is appropriate for one who professes, as you do, to be following the course of virtue.
By appealing to the opinion of "the many," Crito seems to be committing the Ad Populum Fallacy i. Socrates does not declare that he is satisfied with the Laws' argument, instead asking Crito whether they mustn't accept it. When he came out, he sat down with us again after his bath, but not much was said.Argument Analysis for Plato's Crito Contact: Dr.
Jan Garrett. Last revised date: September 21, A sketch of the logic of The Crito as reproduced in chapter 1 of Manuel Velasquez, Philosophy, 8th edition. I say "sketch," because it could be worked out in even greater detail. Argument Analysis for Plato's Crito Contact: Dr.
Jan Garrett Last revised date: September 21, A sketch of the logic of The Crito as reproduced in chapter 1 of Manuel Velasquez, Philosophy, 8th edition.I say "sketch," because it could be worked out in even greater detail.
The main text of the dialogue is Socrates’ analysis of Crito’s arguments why he should escape from prison. Crito is one of the "jailhouse dialogues," coming in dramatic sequence after the Apology and before the Phaedo.
Point out to students that, in some sense, three characters contribute to the argument in Crito: Socrates, Crito, and the personification of the Law, whom Socrates introduces as an imaginary character. Have the students consider the effect of this personification of The Law upon the argument. In response to Crito's arguments Socrates considers first, why the opinion of the majority is not the most important opinion, second, what the consequences of escaping would be for the city of Athens, and third whether escaping is an unjust action such that it would harm Socrates' soul.
Crito should not worry about how his, Socrates', or others' reputations may fare in the general esteem: they should only concern themselves with behaving well.
The only question at hand is whether or not it would be just for Socrates to attempt an escape.Download